What Is Software Testing? What Are Its Different Techniques?

Imagine you have been waiting for your favorite gaming company to release its new game, the game is finally out, and you installed it into your device

Imagine you have been waiting for your favorite gaming company to release its new game, the game is finally out, and you installed it into your device. But, to your utter disappointment, the new game, which was so hyped, is not better than the other games; in fact, it looks far worse, has significant bugs & malfunctions, and the most devastating thing is, it breached your system’s data. Have you ever wondered what will happen then?

Software Testing, Software Testing techniques

To ensure such situations don’t arise or the errors and bugs are lessened to a minimum, software testers test the software with their methodical test plan documents, advanced software testing tools, and geniuses.

In this post, you will find out what exactly software testing is and what are its different types of testing techniques. Let’s go!

Software Testing

Software testing in simple words is the process of building a thorough and minutely detailed test plan document which includes all kinds of information like the objective of the product, its scope, testing objective, scope, estimation, criteria, techniques, scheduling, resource planning, test environment planning, preparing test cases and determining products deliverable. It’s a long process and needs almost concentration and insight into the product and testing procedure.

Before moving forward with the different types of software testing techniques, we would share with you the benefits of the software testing process.

Benefits Of Software Testing:

The following are the major advantages of the software testing process:

  • Reduces the chances of product malfunctions by finding bugs and errors
  • Improves the security of the product
  • Enhances the overall quality of the product
  • Saves recovery costs by finding bugs and errors early
  • Results in satisfied and happy customers by improving software performance

Types Of Techniques In Software Testing:

Software testing is a long and laborious job where no mistakes are acceptable. The testing is generally conducted on different levels which are unit testing, functional testing, system testing, and then integrated testing. To make sure that the results are reliable, different testing tools and software testing techniques are used.

Software testing techniques are majorly divided into two categories addressed below:

Static Testing Technique:

The static testing technique consists of checklists for the testing procedure. It is further divided into the following testing methods:

  • Informal reviews
  • Formal reviews
  • Technical reviews
  • Walk through
  • Inspection process
  • Static code review


  • Aids to identify the code’s flaw
  • Static testing is done by trained software testers
  • A quick and easy way to detect errors, bugs, and malfunctions in the software
  • Reviewing and scanning the software becomes really quick with the help of automated testing tools
  • The automated testing tools allow mitigation recommendations
  • Helps in early error and bug detection
  • The cost of fixing is thus reduced due to early errors detection


  • Needs a firm hold on the coding language
  • If done manually, needs a load of time
  • In the case of automated testing tools, only a few programming languages support them
  • The usage of automated testing tools can result in false positives and negatives
  • Only codes can be scanned using automated tools
  • You need to manually test the software to determine the weak points in the application

Dynamic Testing Technique

The dynamic testing technique consists of test cases for the testing procedure. It is further divided into the following testing methods:

  • Unit testing
  • Functional testing
  • System testing
  • Integrated testing


  • Unlike the static testing technique, it helps in identifying weaker parts of software in a run-time environment.
  • It supports software analyses whose actual code is also not available to the testers.
  • Allows validation of the findings in the static code analysis
  • It can be used with any application


  • Automated tools can result in the false security of everything being checked.
  • Finding a professional for the dynamic testing techniques can be really hard
  • Tracing vulnerabilities in the code can be difficult and takes longer to fix issues.
  • Late bug detection results in an increased cost of fixing

This was all about software testing and testing techniques, comment in the comments below if you have any further queries.