Define What is Criminal Law & Criminal Procedure in the US?

What is Criminal Law?

Criminal law is a system of rules and regulations which determines the punishment of persons who commit crimes. It differs from civil law in which two individuals fight over their rights, the government decides whether to put a bill of indictment on a person for either an omission or an act. A Best criminal lawyer helps their client to understand criminal laws.

One of the factors that maintain the security of civilians’ interests and guarantees the survival of the people in the enforcement of criminal law. It varies significantly from state to state in the US and is determined by state statutes and enforced by police power.

Misdemeanors and felonies are two types of criminal law. A misdemeanor is a low-level crime, and its penalty is one year or less. On the other hand, felony crime is severe offenses, and their punishment lasts for one year or more.

What is Criminal Law Procedures in the United States?

The Supreme Court of the United States promulgates the rules for criminal procedure and orders to statutory authority for their implementation. In criminal law, the government put allegations either by accusing a suspect directly or present evidence before the jury. If the jury finds that the evidence is enough to carry out the charges, the offender is indicted.

Then the case reaches before the petit jury, where both parties present their cases and make arguments. The judge delivers legal guidelines to the jury; the jury then suspends to deliberate in secret. The jury with one accord agrees on a decision of guilty or not guilty.

The prosecution presents its case by summoning eyewitnesses for a testimony against the criminal. It provides physical proof to show that defendant is blamable. Witnesses are people who may have seen the crime being committed or have relevant information that will assist in proving the defendant’s guilt.

After the prosecution proceedings, its time when defense addresses the court. The defense may ask the judge to discharge the case as evidence are not enough. If the judge finds that the presented evidence is insufficient to prove the suspect criminal without having rational doubt, then the judge will dismiss the case, and the defendant is freed with honor.

In a criminal trial, the prosecution lays under the burden of proof. It means that the prosecution has to provide reasonable and solid evidence to punish the defendant for committing his crime. On the contrary, the defense is free from this burden and has to prove that it is quite possible that the offender did not enact the crime.

The judge will deliver the case to the jury. The jury goes to the jury room to decide whether the defendant is guilty or not. During the trial, the jury cannot study and discuss the case. After deliberation starts, the jurors can talk and discuss the case with each other.

After their decision, the verdict is passed on the judge. The judge may overrule the verdict if he finds it unlawful. After the verdict, the punishment phase starts. The judge may issue the sentence order, or a separate hearing does it in case of serious crime.

Congress has established a scale of punishments for many crimes which the judge follows to impose a sentence. The United States Sentencing Commissions has issued a set of sentencing guiding principles.

It suggests certain punishments for certain wrongdoings while considering various elements. Furthermore, the judge looks at a pre-sentencing report and consider reports from the sufferers as well as the defendant and solicitors. The culprit may appeal the result of his trial to a higher court.

According to the Supreme Court imposing the death penalty on those under age 18 at the time of the crime, under the United States Constitution is “cruel and unusual punishment.”

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